An Introduction to South African English
Countries across the globe may use English as a primary language, but depending on where you go you are bound to find enormous differences in the way this language is spoken. After all, English may be the official language used in the UK, India, and the USA, but there are probably more differences than similarities if you really get down to it. The variances aren’t limited between countries; in fact, you can find a range of dialects and mannerisms within a country itself which can give you indicators related to the geography, society, and education of the speaker. Few countries exhibit these differences in such a fascinating manner the way South Africa does, and if you plan on visiting this wonderful country it’s good to have some knowledge about the language characteristics. Read on to discover what some of these are and how they impact day-to-day life in this diverse and exciting nation.
Image via PhotoPin
One of the reasons South African English is such an interesting study is due to the many language components which help to make it what it is. People say English spoken in South Africa has a flavor all its own and this is undoubtedly true. South African English borrows heavily not only from Afrikaans, but also from a myriad of other African tongues. Not only that, but Dutch, Portuguese, and Malay have all lent some of their spices to this magnificent language conglomeration!
The result, of course, is an amazing and far-reaching variety of words from different tongues which form a part of the average South African’s everyday English. Some great examples of this include the word amasi which is a popular beverage in South Africa and originates from isiZulu, and bioscope which means cinema or movie theatres and has its roots in English and Afrikaans (bioskoop). Isn’t language variety a beautiful thing?
Image via PhotoPin
Many experts believe that South African English can also be divided into several segments according to the social and ethnic standing of its speakers. As such a diverse country, it’s no surprise that this multiplicity has extended to everything from religion to language in South Africa. It is for this reason that you can find multiple sectors of the same language, some of which include: General South African English, African English, and South African Indian English.
To avoid overwhelming you, we’ll stick with these three for now and offer up some examples of unique characteristics which define each one. The first, General South African English, tends to reduplicate the adverb now so that it becomes now-now and means immediately or soon. A particular variation in African English is the replacing of the word can in a sentence with can be able to such as: can be able to go. And our third example takes a look at South African Indian English and its tendency to combine the words you and all to form y’all as in: are y’all going to the party? As you can see, each of these language pieces can be utilized according to context, and yet they are as different as Irish English is from American English, making day-to-day interactions a unique and exciting experience!
As useful a tool as English may be for your travels to South Africa, it’s important to remember that it is not this nation’s only official tongue. In fact, South Africa features eleven official languages which include Afrikaans, Zulu, and Swazi! Understanding the complexities of English in South Africa can be a paramount part of understanding the local culture, but learning one or more of this nation’s other official languages will help you even more. Luckily, it’s easy to find excellent language classes to get you started and online tools such as free placement tests can really ensure that you develop solid language skills. Then, with all your knowledge of South Africa’s many tongues, you’ll be ready to tackle the nuances of this wonderful nation with confidence!